East Essex Landowners in the 11th Century

One of the ways of transferring land ownership from the 11th to the 17th century is referred to as feet of fines.

In essence this required both parties to appear before a court and enter into an legal action that was concluded by a legally binding agreement.

The agreement was drawn up three times on a sheet of paper with the top two entries taken by the parties involved and the bottom entry at the foot of the page  held by the court. This procedure gave the agreement the name Feet of Fines.

This method was especially popular with couples as it made legal challenges to a surviving wife's rights to inherit much more difficult that a normal legal agreement. The fact that a wife and husband appeared before a court to agree the transaction gave it much higher credance.

A further advantage was that a  record of the transaction was held by the court which also made forgery much less likely.

The Feet of Fines records provide an indication of local landowners.

Sometimes the people listed would actually live on land in the village although often they lived elsewhere whilst taking profit from activity on their land.

The importance to family historians is that they provide details of landowners at a time when records are comparatively scarce and are a useful source to help trace ancestors in a very distant period.

Althorne

Surname Christian Title Year of Event Further Information

De Hadeham

Peter

 

1238


Le Moyne

William

 

1238


Le Moyne

Alice

 

1238


 

Juliana

Prioress

1261

Prioress of St John the Baptist, Halywell

Basset

Phillip

 

1261


De Bures

Robert

 

1261


De St Ellen

Robert

 

1261


 

Scholistica

Prioress

1261

Prioress of St Ellen, london

Bradwell

Surname Christian Title Year
Mauntel Robert   1230
Gernun Ralph   1230
Le Prestre Richard   1230
? Roger Rev 1239
Fitz-Juliana John   1239
De Cramavile Roesia Miss 1240
Le Bel William   1240
De Cramavile Henry   1240
De Cramavile Agatha Miss 1240
? Hugh   1240
Mauduit William   1240
Mauduit Eugenia Mrs 1240
? Margery Miss 1240
De Cantilupo Roger   1244
De Eltheneye Gilbert   1244
Del Chemin Robert   1252
De la Dune John   1252
Del Chemin Joan Mrs 1252
Hakun Walter   1257
De Stokes Henry   1257
Hakun Ida   1257
Le Moynne Alice Mrs 1257
De Borefar Robert   1257
De Borefar Alice Mrs 1257
De Burn Simon   1257
Le Moynne William   1257
Le Moyne William   1261
De Borefare Robert   1261

Burnham on Crouch

Surname Christian Title Year
De Crikeshed William   1240
De Hecham Richard   1240
Fitz-Reyner William   1248
De Haveringes John   1248
Le Treer Alice Mrs 1258
Le Treer Ralph   1258
De Dallingge Hugh   1258

Richard Prior 1261
Le Treyere Alice Mrs 1261
Le Treyere Ralph   1261

Cold Norton

Surname Christian Title

Year

Nortun Peter
1235
Nortun Sara Miss 1235
De Pelham William
1235
Nortun Alice Miss 1235
Nortun Maud Miss 1235
Jukel Robert
1235
Turbeit Eliseus
1235
Le Cupper William
1235
Schresthe Geoffret
1239
Le Cuylter Richard
1239
De Barantyn Drogo
1257
De Barantyn Joan Mrs 1257
De Welveteham John
1257
De London William
1257

Creeksea

Title Christian Title Year
Peverel Robert
1239
De Rye William
1239
De Kirkeseye William
1248
Sampson

1248
Fitz-german Cecil
1248
Le Treer Alice Mrs 1258
Le Treer Ralph
1258
Attefeld Stephen
1262
Wakeham Roger
1262
Le Dar Roes Mrs 1262
De Cantilupo Ivetta Mrs 1262
De La Mare William
1262
Attefeld Margery Mrs 1262
Attefeld John
1262
Attefeld Matilda Mrs 1262
Le Dar Thomas
1262
De Cantilupo Robert
1262

Dengie

Surname Christian Title Year
Burnard Cecily Mrs 1248
De Hadham Peter   1248
De Estwode Avicia Mrs 1248
Le Taylur German   1248
Burnard Walter   1248
Tailer German   1252
Fitz-Walter Matilda Mrs 1252
Fitz-Walter Roger   1252
De La Mare William   1262
De Typpetot Robert   1262
Turbert William   1262

Hazeleigh

Surname Christian

Title

Year
De Wyham Geoffrey  

1255

Fitz-Godwin Richard  

1255

Fitz-Godwin Alice Mrs

1255

Capellanum Richard  

1255

Latchingdon

Surname

Christian

Title

Year

De Turri Nicholas
1262
De Croin Geoffrey
1234
De Cantilupo William
1262
Le Faukener Matilda
1258
Snarri Andrew
1258
Fitz-Hugh Richard
1234
De Rising Clement
1244
Fitz-Reginald Edward
1246
Le Marchant Phillip
1246
Le Marchant Joan
1246
De Cantilupo Roger
1258
Le Flemeng Robert
1258
Le Faukener Guydonem
1258
Buche Simon
1244

Mayland

Surname

Christian

Title

Year

St Osyth Henry Abbot 1256
De Wascoyl Ralph
1256
Mauntel Robert
1230
De Bracking Henry
1257
De Bracking Adam
1257
Le Prestre Richard
1230
Gernun Ralph
1230
De Kanc John
1257
De Wascoyl Matilda Mrs 1256
De Claketon Robert Brother 1256

Mundon

Surname

Christian

Title

Year

De Cantilupo Roger  

1244

De Eltheneye Gilbert  

1244

North Fambridge

Surname

Christian

Title

Year

Le Villain Matilda Mrs 1235
Le Villain William
1235
De Langet Stephen
1235
Le Moyn Alice Mrs 1239
Fitz-Bernard Walter
1239
Le Moyn William
1239
Maduth Amabilia Miss 1259
Maduth Gundreda Miss 1259
De Thaylur German
1259
Maduth William
1259

Purleigh

Surname

Christian

Title

Year
Marshal Eadmund
1235
Chanpeneis Juliana
1235
Parmentar Matthew
1235
Parmentar Mirabel
1235
Baker Henry
1235
Baker Wymarc Mrs 1235
Ursi Ralph
1235
Marshal Alice Mrs 1235
Meaudon Henry Abbot 1235
Ursi Alice Mrs 1235
Meaudon Henry Abbot 1235
Cantilupo Roger
1245
De Grey John
1245
De Cantilupo Roger
1258
Le Faukener Matilda
1258
Le Faukener Guydonem
1258
Le Flemeng Robert
1258
Baygnard Emma Miss 1259
Byleg Roger Abbot 1259
Fitz-Jordan Sarra Mrs 1259
Molin William
1259
Baygnard Ralph
1259
Fitz-Jordan Ralph
1259
Molin Leticia Mrs 1259
De Haustede Richard
1270
De Haustede William
1270
De Grey Reginald
1270
De St Ives Nicholas
1270
De Haustede Joan Mrs 1270

Southminster

Surname

First

Title

Year

Juliana


Prioress

1261

De Bures

Robert

Mr

1261

Juliana


Prioress

1261

Basset

Phillip

Mr

1261

Fitz-Jerman

Cecil

Mr

1246

De Furnell

Simon

Mr

1237

De Plumbereg

John

Mr

1237

De Plumbereg

Thomas

Mr

1238

De Plumbereg

Lawrence

Mr

1238

De Kirkeseye

William

Mr

1246

Basset

Phillip

Mr

1261

De Flet

Geoffrey

Mr

1237

Juliana


Prioress

1261

De St Ellen

Robert

Mr

1261

Scholistica


Prioress

1261

Scholistica


Prioress

1261

De St Ellen

Robert

Mr

1261

De Flet

Desiderata

Mrs

1237

De Bures

Robert

Mr

1261

St Lawrence

Surname

First

Title

Year

De Borefar

Robert


1257

De Wytham

Adam

Mr

1248

De Burn

Simon


1257

De Borefar

Alice

Mrs

1257

De Berking

Ida

Mrs

1258

De Berking

Walter

Mr

1258

Le Moyne

William

Mr

1258

De Wytham

Matilda

Mrs

1248

De Fenbrig

Agnes

Mrs

1248

De Fenbrig

Roger

Mr

1248

Le Barbur

Juliana

Mrs

1248

Le Barbur

John

Mr

1248

De Cordwaner

Alice

Mrs

1248

De Cordwaner

Roger

Mr

1248

Fitz-Reyner

William

Mr

1248

Steeple

Surname

First

Title

Year

Mauntel

Robert

Mr

1230

Gernun

Ralph

Mr

1230

Gernun

Ralph

Mr

1239

Mauntel

Mary

Mrs

1242

Mauntel

Robert

Mr

1242

De Tany

Peter

Mr

1242

De Tyleteye

Thomas

Brother

1242

La Veyl

Mary

Mrs

1242

Le Prestre

Richard

Mr

1230

De Brokesheved

Roes

Mrs

1239

Le Prestre

Richard

Mr

1239

Le Prestre

William

Mr

1239

Stansgate

Alan

Prior

1255

La Veyl

Richard

Mr

1242

Stow Maries

Surname

First

Title

Year

Bonnefand

William

Mr

1245

Bonnefand

Gunnora

Mrs

1245

De Marisc

Robert

Mr

1249

Gyffard

William

Mr

1245

Tailor

German

Mr

1249

Tillingham

Surname

First

Title

Year

Le Chareter

Robert

Mr

1262

Fitz-Sayer

Walter

Mr

1248

De Camshid

Senicia

Mrs

1270

De Clare

Richard

Earl

1259

Mauduth

Gundrella

Miss

1259

Mauduth

Amabilia

Miss

1259

Fitz-Walter

Matilda

Mrs

1251

Fitz-walter

Roger

Mr

1251

Page

John

Mr

1262

Le Taylur

German

Mr

1251

Le Scheyl

Adam

Mr

1262

Norfolk

Agnes

Mrs

1248

Norfolk

Richard

Mr

1248

Carpenter

Morgina

Mrs

1248

Burnard

Cecily

Mrs

1248

Burnard

Walter

Mr

1248

Turbert

William

Mr

1262

Mauduth

William

Mr

1259

De Camshid

Hamon

Mr

1270

Bacum

Gilbert

Mr

1270

De Typpetot

Robert

Mr

1262

Carpenter

Roger

Mr

1248

Le Taylur

William

Mr

1248

De La Mare

William

Mr

1262

De la Hyde

Roger

Mr

1262

Woodham Mortimer

Surname

First

Title

Year

Fitz-Roger

Richard

Mr

1242

Gunel

Simon

Mr

1242

Woodham Walter

Surname

First

Title

Year

Barnevill

Phillipa

Mrs

1251

Barnevill

Simon

Miss

1251

De Burnham

Sabina

Mrs

1262

De Burnham

Fraricus

Mr

1262

De Middleton

William

Mr

1262

De Middleton

Aleysia

Mrs

1262

Fyllol

Robert

Mr

1262

Phillol

Robert

Mr

1251

Phillol

Sabina

Mrs

1251

 

 

 

 

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