Essex Volunteer Rifles

 Volunteer Forces were mobilised throughout the country in 1803 when England were at war with France and the French assembled a force in Northern France with the intention of invading the UK.

The invasion didn't happen and so the Volunteers were demobilised.

The return of Napoleon in 1858 once again brought about a threat and the Volunteer forces were once again mobilised.

As landings were expected in Essex or Kent these two counties had a number of voluntary militia providing infantry, cavalry and marine related.

Once Waterloo brought about the defeat of France some of the units were demobilised although some continued to eventually become part o regular army units.

Rifle, Bayonets and some ammunition were provided free although men were expected to buy their own uniform and pay a yearly subscription. Some of the poorer recruits had subscription waived and uniform provided free from company funds.

The government paid an annual fee of 1 per man in each company as long as the men attended 19 drills in their first year and then 9 in each subsequent year.

In 1863

Essex Artillery Volunteers protected shipping at  Harwich , Tilbury and Barking

Essex Engineer Volunteers were based at Heybridge

Essex Volunteer Rifles were by far the largest with 3 Battalions at Chelmsford, Plaistow and Ilford and 24 Companies spread throughout Essex.

The local Company was the 23rd Essex Rifle Volunteers based at Maldon who were formed in 1860 and part of the 1st Battalion.

23rd Essex (Maldon) Rifle Volunteers in 1863

Lieutenant - Sampson Han bury

Ensign - C O Pulley

Hon Asst Surgeon -  G P May MD

Hon Sec - H May

Sergeant Major - T Tomlinson

Sergeants - H Humphreys , J Solley, J C Float, R Nightingdale, C E Wright

Corporals - H Belsham, A Cross, H G Warwicker

Drill Sergeant - James Cowie ( late 1st Royals)

Brass Band with 17 Members

Number of Members 95

 

23rd Essex (Maldon) Rifle Volunteers in 1866

Captain - Charles Pulley

Lieutenant - William Humphreys

Ensign - Henry May

Hon Asst Surgeon -  Thomas Tomlinson MD

Hon Sec - Ensign May

Quartermaster Sergeant  - C E Wright

Sergeants - F G Green , William Ward,

Corporals - W Barnard, W Aldright

Drill Sergeant - James Cowie ( late 1st Royals)

Brass Band with 20 Members

Bandmaster - J Allen

Number of Members 95

23rd Essex (Maldon) Rifle Volunteers in 1868

Captain - William Humphreys

Lieutenant - William Ward

Ensign - Henry May

Hon Asst Surgeon -  Thomas Tomlinson MD

Hon Sec - Vacant

Quartermaster Sergeant - Vacant

Colour Sergeant - R Nightingale

Sergeants - F G Green

Corporals - W Barnard, W Aldwright and T Gower

Drill Sergeant - W Smith WEM

Brass Band with 16 Members

Bandmaster - J Allen

Number of Members 95

 

23rd Essex (Maldon) Rifle Volunteers in 1869

Captain - William Humphreys

Lieutenant - William C Ward

Ensign - G P Jay

Hon Asst Surgeon -  Thomas Tomlinson MD

Hon Sec - Vacant

Quartermaster Sergeant - F G Green

Colour Sergeant - R Nightingale

Sergeants - W Barnard , T Gower and Carter

Corporals - Farhall, Gale, Rudrum and Ashley

Drill Sergeant - W Smith WEM

Brass Band with 16 Members

Bandmaster - J Allen

Number of Members 95

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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